: After The Flood
10th December 2015
seems that the phrase "After The
Flood" is the title of a Creationist
book describing the early post-flood
history of Europe traced back to Noah.
all sounds very dubious to me.
the recent rain in Cumbria was of biblical
proportion and the resultant floods
and devastation are very real.
will be some time before we are able
to visit the north of the county again
as the road over Dunmail Raise has been
washed away in parts.
Bridge has also gone.
locally, the waters in Kendal, have
been the highest for many years. That
they did not reach 1954 levels is presumably
thanks to the 1970s flood relief work.
Nevertheless, the Wildman Street area
became part of the River Mint as it
detoured from its normal route to join
Valley reverted back to wetlands with
sheep stranded on the drainage channel
over the county there are many whose homes and livelihoods
have been severely threatened. Fortunately there have
been remarkably few deaths.
was against this background that we plotted this week's
outing. We forwent the idea of a ghoulish tour
of the devastation, not least because we thought we
might not get through to our objectives, or worse, return
from them. Mosedale Cottage was quite out of the
question and I suspect Uncle Monty's (Sleddale Hall)
would have had its challenges.
we opted to revisit the Windermere Three
Peaks, last visited on BB1131.
even managed to attract Tony for a gentle
walk following his motorbike accident.
is amazing what the promise of a Linthwaite
sausage will achieve!
Mike was unable to serve them to us,
having fallen foul of someone's lurgi.
north from Brant Howe
little beauty" says Tony
eulogised about them as eusual.
than face the pathless and busy road
we headed in the opposite direction,
taking the footpath southeast to Lindeth
then the minor road back to the B5284
which we immediately crossed and set
off up Brant Howe.
view was somewhat mistier than
I had expected but it still a good panorama
was provided over the length of Windermere.
followed a slightly wooded viewpoint that we had visited
previously but is not named on the maps. A lady
we met there with her two big dogs told us it was Post
Knott. I think. We added this to the Windermere
Peaks tally. 2.
heading east along the Dales Way, past Matson Ground.
One sheep seemed particularly unfancied!
have they got that I haven't?
then bounced down to the golf club and back up past
Cleabarrow to the stream that marks the turning for
the seldom visited Grandsire (shown as Hag End on the
1:50k map). This we had not included in the Windermere
Three Peaks. This time we did. 3.
the top we watched a massive double rainbow form and
reform without us thinking too hard about its implications,
biblical or otherwise.
Grandsire you look over to the more popular School Knott.
Now number 4 of the Three Peaks. Between
them lies School Knott tarn, one of my favourites and
a good place to stop for lunch in what was now, we thought,
a bright sunny day, albeit with a cold wind.
we reached School Knott summit the consequence of the
rainbow dawned on us. Or rather it hailed on us.
It was a rush to get our waterproofs on.
thought of continuing on to Orrest Head evaporated.
Back to base. Distracted by the rain, we missed
the path across to High Lickbarrow but nonetheless negotiated
a sensible way back to rejoining the Dales Way.
in a garden
compensate for the lack of the fifth of three summits,
John and Robin seemed intent on climbing a hill that
faced them. They were disappointed to learn that
they had already been there- it was Brant Fell from
the other side.
Golf Club yew hedge
discovers a VR post box
the floods, we had seen very little evidence on the
hills although the ground was often sodden and streams
full. But of course, the flood water drains quickly
from the fells and the problems lie in the aftermath
which is focused on the homes and businesses in the
valleys and villages.
opportunity at Lindeth
only other thing to add is that on return
by the same detour via Lindeth, it became
apparent that the house is empty.
type of renovation had been started
but seemed to have ceased many moons
for a property in such a valuable location.
one that doesn't flood!
Thursday 10th December 2015
I am pleased to report that Tony's shoulder survived
the outing despite him having fallen on it. In
fact, the fall seems to have freed it up somewhat and
given him extra movement. Clearly we need to push
him over more vigorously next time.
This four peak walk is actually much more manageable
from Linthwaite than the BB1131
three-peaker as Orrest Head is quite some distance further
on. And back.
see the extent of the floods in Cumbria, have a look
at this BBC Newsbeat helicopter
you want to know more about the flood
relief effort and how you might be able
to help, have a look at the Cumbria
Community Foundation webpage Flood
visit their JustGiving
more information about the history of flooding in the
Kendal area click on Kendal
10th December 2015
climbed in feet:
(Garmin / OS)
Fell, Post Knott, Grandside, School
Don, John Hn, Robin, Stan, Tony
follows is an article taken from the CLEO
(i.e.Cumbria and Lancashire Education Online) Archive.
and Flood Alleviation
is generally caused by excessive rainfall, melting snow
or very high sea levels. It has been going on for thousands
of years but man's interference with the natural state
of the river can have a significant effect on flooding.
Many properties over the years have been built in the
natural flood plain of the river or in low-lying
areas near the sea.
Kent - Kendal
The town of Kendal, which has developed along the banks of the River Kent, has a history of flooding which has been recorded as far back in history as the 17th century when the Castle Mills Area and the Parish Church were effected by flood water.
The flood of November 1898 is thought to be the highest recorded flood in Kendal.
The flooding of land and property in Kendal happened to some extent once in every 10 years, this being known as a flood frequency of 1 in 10 years.
On the 2nd December 1954 the highest flood since 1898 was recorded in the town.
down Stramongate to Sand Aire House
up Stramongate from Sand Aire House
In total almost 300 houses were flooded, in excess of 70 other properties including shops, factories, schools and churches were also affected with many more isolated by the flood water.
At the height of the flood 158,000 m2 of land in and around Kendal was under water.
At the peak of the flood approximately 280 m3 of water per second was flowing through Kendal.
River Kent - Kendal Flood Relief Scheme
Following the Floods of 1954 and 1968, the then Lancashire River Authority designed a Flood Alleviation Scheme to reduce the risk of flooding to the
majority of Kendal. The design criteria were to convey, without flooding, 280m3 of water per second (280cumecs) this being the peak flow of the 1954 flood, through Kendal.
Construction work on the Flood Alleviation Scheme or as it was then called River Kent - Kendal Flood Relief Scheme started in 1972, the work was undertaken in 6
phases or sections and took 6 years to complete at a cost of approximately £1m.
To achieve the requirements of the design, improvements were carried out on 5.6 km of the river from below Watercrook up to Mintsfeet on the north side of Kendal.
The work involved the widening and, in some locations, deepening of the river channel.
The section of river between Nether Bridge and Miller Bridge, in the centre of the town, was originally only 20 metres wide at its narrowest point and this was widened to 38 metres. Almost 36,000 m3 of gravel and soil was removed from this section alone.
During the 6 phases of the Scheme 240,000 m' of surplus material or spoil was removed from the river channel the majority of which was used to fill agricultural land on the south side of Kendal which is now the location of a Business Park and Asda.
Where the river was deepened the foundations to the existing river walls needed to be protected or strengthened and this was achieved by the construction of stone faced concrete buttressing to the base of the walls. Where the river was widened new walls or Limestone block bank protection was built. In total over 2,000m of buttressing and 1,700m of new walls were constructed.
It was also necessary to protect and in some cases deepen the foundations of the existing bridges throughout the town.
Due to the need to open up the river to almost twice it's original width in the section below Miller Bridge a new footbridge was built to replace the original Jennings Yard Bridge.
To prevent the riverbed from becoming dried out at times of low flows small weirs were built across the river at regular intervals.
As part of the Flood Alleviation scheme earth embankments were built to prevent flooding at Mintsfeet and also at Helsington.
At Helsington an automatic flood control gate was fitted to the Millrace to prevent floodwater from entering and flooding the properties protected by the embankment.
The build up of gravel within a river can greatly reduce the size of the channel and seriously effect the ability of the river to cope with flood flows. The River Kent transports many tonnes of gravel at times of flood, which is then deposited as the river slows.
To enable the river gravel to be removed more easily and to minimise the accumulation of gravel within the town section of the river, a large lagoon was constructed at the confluence of the River Kent and River Mint on the north side of the town, the purpose of the lagoon is as a gravel trap.
As the river enters the gravel trap the flow slows and the gravel is deposited. The quantity of gravel within the gravel trap is monitored and then at frequent intervals removed.
In 1985 a flood of the same magnitude as that of 1954 passed through Kendal and was fully contained with no flooding within the protected area.
routes are put online in gpx format which
should work with most mapping software. You can follow
our route in detail by downloading bb1540 .
discover which Wainwright top was visited on which BB outing
- although it may not be that up to date - or for the totals of the mileages and heights (ditto) see the Excel
file: BB Log.
can navigate to the required report via the Home
have been gleaned from many sources
from me and other BOOTboys. Likewise written comment.
I apologise if I have
failed to acknowledge properly the source or infringed
copyright. Please let me
know and I will do my best to put things right.
otherwise, please feel free to download the material
if you wish.
A reference back to this website
would be appreciated.
see which Wainwright top was visited on which BB outing
may or may not be up to date!
For the latest totals
of the mileages, heights and Lakeland Fells Books Wainwrights see: Wainwrights.
E-mail addresses on this web site are protected
Spam Trawlers will be further frustrated
help fight spam e-mail!